Babilonesi Bau Bau-Gula Gula mitologia Nintinugg Nintinugga Senza categoria Sumeri

La dea sumera Bau, nota anche come Gula e Nintinugga presso i Babilonesi

Bau o, forse più correttamente Baba (d ba-bad ba-ba6; successivamente d ba-bu), è una delle più antiche dee sumere il cui culto risulta pressoché esclusivo della città di Lagaš e del territorio da questa controllato. È sposa di Ningirsu (Signore di Giršu) o anche di Zababa.

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 E-Tarsirsir è il tempio a lei dedicato a Giršu e E-urukuga quello di Lagaš. Risulta figlia del dio Cielo, An, e madre di due divinità maschili, Ig-alima e Šul-šagana, e di sette divinità minori femminili. In quanto dea della fertilità è “Signora dell’Abbondanza” (SAL.šá
Nel periodo paleobabilonese è identificata con la dea guaritrice Ninsinna e con la dea dell’amore Inanna.

The goddess Gula with her dog. Detail from a boundary stone dated to the reign of Babylonian king Nabu-mukin-apli, 978-943 BCE. 
Possibly the goddess Bau/Baba, seated on a throne flanked by palm trees and with two creatures, possibly water birds, at her feet. Terracotta. 2017-1595 BCE. 

Bau/Baba seated on a throne which seems to resting on water and is supported by water birds, perhaps geese. Holes at the side of the head suggest that decoration was added to the headdress. Nose separate and now lost, eyes originally inlaid. Diorite. Dated around 2060-1955 BCE. 

Gula is the Sumerian Goddess of healing. Her sacred animal was the dog, and many of her worshippers dedicated small statues of dogs to her. Dogs were allowed to wander freely in her temples. Gula is the consort of Ninurta, God of thunderstorms and the fertility of the earth. Her name means “great” and she is also known as Ninisina (lady of Isin), Ninnibru (lady of Nippur), Nintinuga (lady who restores life), and Ninkarrak, and it appears that the Goddess Bau was assimilated into Gula in later times. 


Nintinugga was a Babylonian goddess of healing, the consort of Ninurta. She is identical with the goddess of Akkadian mythology, known as Bau or Baba, though it would seem that the two were originally independent. She was the daughter ofAn and Ninurta‘s wife. She had seven daughters, including Hegir-Nuna (Gangir). She was known as a patron deity of Lagash, where Gudea built her a temple.
The name Bau is more common in the oldest period and gives way to Gula after the First Babylonian Dynasty. Since it is probable that Ninib has absorbed the cults of minor sun-deities, the two names may represent consorts of different gods. However this may be, the qualities of both are alike, and the two occur as synonymous designations of Ninib’s female consort.
Other names borne by this goddess are Nin-Karrak, Nin Ezen, Ga-tum-dug and Nm-din-dug, the latter signifying “the lady who restores to life”, or the Goddess of Healing. After the Great Flood, she helped “breathe life” back into mankind. The designation well emphasizes the chief trait of Bau-Gula which is that of healer. She is often spoken of as “the great physician,” and accordingly plays a specially prominent role in incantations and incantation rituals intended to relieve those suffering from disease.
She is, however, also invoked to curse those who trample upon the rights of rulers or those who do wrong with poisonous potions. As in the case of Ninib, the cult of Bau-Gula is prominent in Shirgulla and in Nippur. While generally in close association with her consort, she is also invoked alone, giving her more dominance than most of the goddesses of Babylonia and Assyria.

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